mvpa2.measures.searchlight.BaseSearchlight

Inheritance diagram of BaseSearchlight
class mvpa2.measures.searchlight.BaseSearchlight(queryengine, roi_ids=None, nproc=None, **kwargs)

Base class for searchlights.

The idea for a searchlight algorithm stems from a paper by Kriegeskorte et al. (2006).

Notes

Available conditional attributes:

  • calling_time+: Time (in seconds) it took to call the node
  • null_prob+: None
  • null_t: None
  • raw_results: Computed results before invoking postproc. Stored only if postproc is not None.
  • roi_center_ids+: Center ID for all generated ROIs.
  • roi_feature_ids: Feature IDs for all generated ROIs.
  • roi_sizes: Number of features in each ROI.
  • trained_dataset: The dataset it has been trained on
  • trained_nsamples+: Number of samples it has been trained on
  • trained_targets+: Set of unique targets (or any other space) it has been trained on (if present in the dataset trained on)
  • training_time+: Time (in seconds) it took to train the learner

(Conditional attributes enabled by default suffixed with +)

Attributes

auto_train Whether the Learner performs automatic trainingwhen called untrained.
descr Description of the object if any
force_train Whether the Learner enforces training upon every call.
null_dist Return Null Distribution estimator
pass_attr Which attributes of the dataset or self.ca to pass into result dataset upon call
postproc Node to perform post-processing of results
queryengine
roi_ids
space Processing space name of this node

Methods

__call__(ds)
generate(ds) Yield processing results.
get_postproc() Returns the post-processing node or None.
get_space() Query the processing space name of this node.
reset()
set_postproc(node) Assigns a post-processing node
set_space(name) Set the processing space name of this node.
train(ds) The default implementation calls _pretrain(), _train(), and finally _posttrain().
untrain() Reverts changes in the state of this node caused by previous training
Parameters:

queryengine : QueryEngine

Engine to use to discover the “neighborhood” of each feature. See QueryEngine.

roi_ids : None or list(int) or str

List of feature ids (not coordinates) the shall serve as ROI seeds (e.g. sphere centers). Alternatively, this can be the name of a feature attribute of the input dataset, whose non-zero values determine the feature ids. By default all features will be used.

nproc : None or int

How many processes to use for computation. Requires pprocess external module. If None – all available cores will be used.

enable_ca : None or list of str

Names of the conditional attributes which should be enabled in addition to the default ones

disable_ca : None or list of str

Names of the conditional attributes which should be disabled

null_dist : instance of distribution estimator

The estimated distribution is used to assign a probability for a certain value of the computed measure.

auto_train : bool

Flag whether the learner will automatically train itself on the input dataset when called untrained.

force_train : bool

Flag whether the learner will enforce training on the input dataset upon every call.

space : str, optional

Name of the ‘processing space’. The actual meaning of this argument heavily depends on the sub-class implementation. In general, this is a trigger that tells the node to compute and store information about the input data that is “interesting” in the context of the corresponding processing in the output dataset.

pass_attr : str, list of str|tuple, optional

Additional attributes to pass on to an output dataset. Attributes can be taken from all three attribute collections of an input dataset (sa, fa, a – see Dataset.get_attr()), or from the collection of conditional attributes (ca) of a node instance. Corresponding collection name prefixes should be used to identify attributes, e.g. ‘ca.null_prob’ for the conditional attribute ‘null_prob’, or ‘fa.stats’ for the feature attribute stats. In addition to a plain attribute identifier it is possible to use a tuple to trigger more complex operations. The first tuple element is the attribute identifier, as described before. The second element is the name of the target attribute collection (sa, fa, or a). The third element is the axis number of a multidimensional array that shall be swapped with the current first axis. The fourth element is a new name that shall be used for an attribute in the output dataset. Example: (‘ca.null_prob’, ‘fa’, 1, ‘pvalues’) will take the conditional attribute ‘null_prob’ and store it as a feature attribute ‘pvalues’, while swapping the first and second axes. Simplified instructions can be given by leaving out consecutive tuple elements starting from the end.

postproc : Node instance, optional

Node to perform post-processing of results. This node is applied in __call__() to perform a final processing step on the to be result dataset. If None, nothing is done.

descr : str

Description of the instance

Attributes

auto_train Whether the Learner performs automatic trainingwhen called untrained.
descr Description of the object if any
force_train Whether the Learner enforces training upon every call.
null_dist Return Null Distribution estimator
pass_attr Which attributes of the dataset or self.ca to pass into result dataset upon call
postproc Node to perform post-processing of results
queryengine
roi_ids
space Processing space name of this node

Methods

__call__(ds)
generate(ds) Yield processing results.
get_postproc() Returns the post-processing node or None.
get_space() Query the processing space name of this node.
reset()
set_postproc(node) Assigns a post-processing node
set_space(name) Set the processing space name of this node.
train(ds) The default implementation calls _pretrain(), _train(), and finally _posttrain().
untrain() Reverts changes in the state of this node caused by previous training
is_trained = True

Indicate that this measure is always trained.

queryengine
roi_ids