mvpa2.measures.rsa.Regression¶

class
mvpa2.measures.rsa.
Regression
(predictors, keep_pairs=None, **kwargs)¶ Given a dataset, compute regularized regression (Ridge or Lasso) on the computed neural dissimilarity matrix using an arbitrary number of predictors (model dissimilarity matrices).
Requires scikitlearn
Notes
Available conditional attributes:
calling_time+
: Time (in seconds) it took to call the nodenull_prob+
: Nonenull_t
: Noneraw_results
: Computed results before invoking postproc. Stored only if postproc is not None.trained_dataset
: The dataset it has been trained ontrained_nsamples+
: Number of samples it has been trained ontrained_targets+
: Set of unique targets (or any other space) it has been trained on (if present in the dataset trained on)training_time+
: Time (in seconds) it took to train the learner
(Conditional attributes enabled by default suffixed with
+
)Attributes
auto_train
Whether the Learner performs automatic trainingwhen called untrained. descr
Description of the object if any force_train
Whether the Learner enforces training upon every call. null_dist
Return Null Distribution estimator pass_attr
Which attributes of the dataset or self.ca to pass into result dataset upon call postproc
Node to perform postprocessing of results space
Processing space name of this node Methods
__call__
(ds)generate
(ds)Yield processing results. get_postproc
()Returns the postprocessing node or None. get_space
()Query the processing space name of this node. reset
()set_postproc
(node)Assigns a postprocessing node set_space
(name)Set the processing space name of this node. train
(ds)The default implementation calls _pretrain()
,_train()
, and finally_posttrain()
.untrain
()Reverts changes in the state of this node caused by previous training Parameters: predictors : array (N*(N1)/2, n_predictors)
array containing the upper triangular matrix in vector form of the predictor Dissimilarity Matrices. Each column is a predictor dsm.
pairwise_metric : str, optional
Distance metric to use for calculating pairwise vector distances for dissimilarity matrix (DSM). See scipy.spatial.distance.pdist for all possible metrics. Constraints: value must be a string. [Default: ‘correlation’]
center_data : bool, optional
If True then center each column of the data matrix by subtracting the column mean from each element. This is recommended especially when using pairwise_metric=’correlation’. Constraints: value must be convertible to type bool. [Default: False]
method : {ridge, lasso}, optional
Compute Ridge (l2) or Lasso (l1) regression. Constraints: value must be one of (‘ridge’, ‘lasso’). [Default: ‘ridge’]
alpha : float, optional
alpha parameter for lassoregression. Constraints: value must be convertible to type ‘float’. [Default: 1.0]
fit_intercept : bool, optional
whether to fit theintercept. Constraints: value must be convertible to type bool. [Default: True]
rank_data : bool, optional
whether to rank the neural dsm and the predictor dsms before running the regression model. Constraints: value must be convertible to type bool. [Default: True]
normalize : bool, optional
if True the predictors and neural dsm will benormalized (zscored) prior to the regression (and after the data ranking, if rank_data=True). Constraints: value must be convertible to type bool. [Default: False]
enable_ca : None or list of str
Names of the conditional attributes which should be enabled in addition to the default ones
disable_ca : None or list of str
Names of the conditional attributes which should be disabled
null_dist : instance of distribution estimator
The estimated distribution is used to assign a probability for a certain value of the computed measure.
auto_train : bool
Flag whether the learner will automatically train itself on the input dataset when called untrained.
force_train : bool
Flag whether the learner will enforce training on the input dataset upon every call.
space : str, optional
Name of the ‘processing space’. The actual meaning of this argument heavily depends on the subclass implementation. In general, this is a trigger that tells the node to compute and store information about the input data that is “interesting” in the context of the corresponding processing in the output dataset.
pass_attr : str, list of strtuple, optional
Additional attributes to pass on to an output dataset. Attributes can be taken from all three attribute collections of an input dataset (sa, fa, a – see
Dataset.get_attr()
), or from the collection of conditional attributes (ca) of a node instance. Corresponding collection name prefixes should be used to identify attributes, e.g. ‘ca.null_prob’ for the conditional attribute ‘null_prob’, or ‘fa.stats’ for the feature attribute stats. In addition to a plain attribute identifier it is possible to use a tuple to trigger more complex operations. The first tuple element is the attribute identifier, as described before. The second element is the name of the target attribute collection (sa, fa, or a). The third element is the axis number of a multidimensional array that shall be swapped with the current first axis. The fourth element is a new name that shall be used for an attribute in the output dataset. Example: (‘ca.null_prob’, ‘fa’, 1, ‘pvalues’) will take the conditional attribute ‘null_prob’ and store it as a feature attribute ‘pvalues’, while swapping the first and second axes. Simplified instructions can be given by leaving out consecutive tuple elements starting from the end.postproc : Node instance, optional
Node to perform postprocessing of results. This node is applied in
__call__()
to perform a final processing step on the to be result dataset. If None, nothing is done.descr : str
Description of the instance
keep_pairs : None or list or array
indices in range(N*(N1)/2) to keep before running the regression. All other elements will be removed. If None, the regression is run on the entire DSM.
Returns: Dataset
a dataset with n_predictors samples and one feature. If fit_intercept is True, the last sample is the intercept.
Attributes
auto_train
Whether the Learner performs automatic trainingwhen called untrained. descr
Description of the object if any force_train
Whether the Learner enforces training upon every call. null_dist
Return Null Distribution estimator pass_attr
Which attributes of the dataset or self.ca to pass into result dataset upon call postproc
Node to perform postprocessing of results space
Processing space name of this node Methods
__call__
(ds)generate
(ds)Yield processing results. get_postproc
()Returns the postprocessing node or None. get_space
()Query the processing space name of this node. reset
()set_postproc
(node)Assigns a postprocessing node set_space
(name)Set the processing space name of this node. train
(ds)The default implementation calls _pretrain()
,_train()
, and finally_posttrain()
.untrain
()Reverts changes in the state of this node caused by previous training 
is_trained
= True¶ Indicate that this measure is always trained.